Talking about Nielson in radio conversations is similar to discussing government policies and decisions. In both instances, many opinions usually fly around with high emotions.
That being said, there are a lot of questions concerning how Nielsen operates and how they obtain data. We aim to address some of these questions in this article.
So, does Nielsen listen to your conversations? This article goes into detail to discuss this.
We can deduce to a reasonable extent that Nielsen does not listen to your conversations.
Based on their mode of operation, Nielsen mainly measures audio listening in major radio markets. We will briefly explain how they do this in the subsequent paragraphs.
Nielsen uses the Portable People Meter (PPM) to pick up encoded audio signals. They can generate the listening information of the radio market by modifying the encoded audio signals they pick up.
Since the audio signals they pick up in the first place are the encoded transmission intended for public reception, they aren’t violating anybody’s privacy. Besides, Nielsen often gets respondents’ consent to participate in their data gathering.
So, based on all of this information, Nielsen doesn’t listen to your conversations – unless there’s something they aren’t letting us know.
The Nielsen meter is also known as the Portable People Meter (PPM). Nielsen uses the device to obtain data signals for monitoring audience exposure for radio stations, television stations, and cables.
Nielsen uses the Nielsen meter to measure audio listening in major radio markets.
For a Nielsen box to serve its purpose, a sample household must attach it to the back of their television. Then, the Nielsen box will record the needed data whenever the television comes on.
However, the box requires some inputs from the viewers before it begins to keep a record of the necessary information. First, viewers have to indicate that they are watching.
To aid viewers with this, the Nielsen box features a cable box with a series of lights that lets them know when it is active. It also features person-specific buttons that allow individuals to indicate they are watching.
Fortunately, most Nielsen boxes have a remote hand-held device, so respondents can press their button without walking to the cable box.
Whenever someone turns the Nielsen box ON, the lights on the cable box will flash. The lights also flash when you change TV channels or do not exercise any button-pushing activity for a long time.
Nielsen collects the data on the Nielsen box via telephone lines daily. It combines the data it receives daily with corresponding viewer information and turns them into audience ratings released the following day.
Nielsen calculates its ratings as:
RTG = HUT × SHARE
HUT means “Homes Using Television.” Sometimes they may replace HUT with PUT, which means Persons Using Television.
Either way, both terms represent people who tune to a specific program, station, or network in a specific area at a specific time.
On the other hand, SHARE is the percentage of television sets in use.
Before Nielsen purchased Arbitron, the two were different consumer research companies. They both used to collect listener data on radio broadcasting audiences.
Though Nielsen has acquired Arbitron, which now goes by the name “Nielsen Audio,” there used to be a few differences between both companies.
One of the differences was evident in their methods of collecting data. Back then, both companies used to provide diaries to their selected households.
During the rating period, Arbitron would ask their respondents to record logs in 15-minute increments. Arbitron would ask them to take logs of when they were listening to the radio and the station they tuned in to.
On the other hand, Nielsen’s diaries featured stickers with radio station call letters and frequencies. This enabled respondents to easily record their logs under each station compared to Arbitron, which asked their respondents to write down each station.
Another difference was that Nielsen’s survey samples were twice as large as Arbitron’s. As a result, Nielsen’s survey samples were also more representative of the market demographics.
You cannot ask for an Arbitron meter. The only way you can get the meter is if Nielsen selects you to participate in their sampling.
Nielsen uses proprietary statistical methods to select households that get the meter randomly. They perform their selection based on demographics such that their selected households can serve as accurate stand-ins for the larger population in that area.
Radio and TV channels can obtain data about their audience by consulting market research agencies like Nielsen.
Nielsen is a company that tracks the shows viewers watch on television networks through a representative sampling. They usually sample up to 25,000 households who let them record the programs they watch.
To get more accurate results, they choose households based on their ability to represent varied populations.
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Cable companies know what you are watching using a technology called “automatic content recognition,” or ACR.
Most TVs capture a fingerprint of what you are viewing on your screen. The fingerprints usually look like numerous bundles of pixels scattered around the screen, which the TV converts into a string of numbers.
After the conversion, your TV sends the data back to the cable companies. To figure out which show your TV took the fingerprint from, they compare the fingerprint with a database of available content.
It works like a Shazam for video.
Based on public information, nothing indicates that Nielsen listens to your conversations. However, this is not to entirely rule out that they may be able to obtain some private information.
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